MONTHLY NEWS NO. 217 – 30th JUNE 2016



A hearty hello from a fairly well rested man who has a small spring in his stride when walking through the gate to work. I was lucky enough to take two weeks leave and while trying to switch off after the third day at home with my phone continuously ringing I decided to jump one of the closest borders as soon as possible.

The first being Lesotho for a couple of days at Sani Pass. What a bargain that there was no reception at my cottage but gee I nearly died from the cold. But saying that Sani is always full of surprises; I never expected snow which was another bargain. It was strange driving on tar roads on top of the mountain though especially covered in snow in places. The road up the pass is well maintained which made the drive up a breeze, the main lodge was packed with overnighters and the well-stocked bar with food and booze made the getaway well worth it. I always find it interesting talking to all the overseas people who always seem to have so many adventures to talk about.

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After freezing to death I went to Mozambique for a week and spent a totally relaxed holiday right on the beach. Wow man, this was bliss. I stayed with a good old friend Mike & Jill Platt who couldn’t have been a better host. Mike is developing some amazing lodges and finally living the life. Mozambique always speaks for its self with lots to drink and eat in a totally relaxed life style. The weather played along which was an added bonus. It’s the first time I have been to Mozambique out of season. It was a bit strange not having hordes of people to share this beautiful part of the world with.

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Well let’s get back to business. Our work has quietened down from a Midlands Municipality that has been keeping us on our toes, they are waiting for their new budgets to be released. This has put us on the back foot but like all Government Departments they will shower us with work and want it finished yesterday. All my big contracts in Hilton have been completed strengthening that electricity supply to the area. The new Hilton private hospital extension will have their electricity supply soon as the job to build the overhead power line across the busy N3 freeway has been given to CREC to do.

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What is SLAM?

The SLAM (Stop….Look…Assess…..Manage) technique reminds workers to stop work if they think their health and safety is at risk.

Why should we encourage our workers to use SLAM?

By using the SLAM technique workers will value the importance of health and safety in the work place.  By remembering SLAM, workers are more likely to stop work if a task appears unsafe or risk to their


 There are four (4) stages to SLAM.  Workers should:


Stop the task and think.  Look at each step.  Ask:

  • Is this a new task?
  • Has the task changed?
  • When was the last time I did this task?
  • Do I feel comfortable doing this task?

If not, do I need training

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  • Look before, during and after completion of the task.
  • Always : Inspect the work area for potential hazards, e.g unsecured ladders ,untidiness
  • Identify the hazards for each job/task; and
  • Evaluate what to do about them.



  • Are workers equipped to perform the task safely? Check they have the correct:
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Training; and
  • Tools
  • What else do they need to perform the task safely?
  • Help? (Workers should be encouraged to ask for help?
  • More training? (Workers should not perform the task until they have been trained).

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  • Managers should take appropriate action to eliminate or minimize any hazards on site by:
  • Ensure the proper equipment is used and is well maintained; and
  • Thinking about the task just completed and ask, “What went well?   What did not go well?’


  • Ask yourself:
  • Did anything unexpected happen?
  • How can I better prepare and plan for this in the future?

What next?

  • Share this information with other workers and management.
  • Use this information to encourage safe working practices.
  • Use safety briefings and toolbox talks to teach your workers about the SLAM

Before starting a task:


Stop and engage your mind before your hands.  Look at the task in hand.

Look at your workplace and find the hazards.  Report these immediately to your supervisor.

Assess the effects the hazards have on you, the people you work with, equipment, procedures, pressures and the environment.  Ask yourself if you have the knowledge, training and tools to do the task safely.  Do this with your supervisor.

Before starting a task:


Any changes throughout the day; where you are, what time it is, what the weather is like, what changes or reorganization have taken place?

People around you: their level of experience, how many hours they are working, their attitudes to health and safety, and any personal/home problems or work pressures including working to a deadline or cost.

Plant you use: when it was last maintained and is it the right tool to use?


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pic 18Pub & Diner

Friday specials for July

6th – Buy one get one free Burger

8th – Bacon Sandwiches

15th – Fish Curry (Pilchard)

22nd – Peter’s Beef Bourginogn

29th – Coronation Salad & Smore Dessert

Don’t miss out!!!

G-Spot has had a lovely Winter as our Aloes were blooming…It was amazing to see so many people coming to admire our Aloes and our beautiful garden. We have had a good winter, now we need spring to return. We have had a quiet month, but we are hoping that we get more new faces coming to support us soon…We will be having events happening in the next few months.

Upcoming events

 30th – July – ferrets drinking evening

Annual ARB Rugby Day – Saturday 17th September 2016

Please diarise this one:

The G Spot will open at 08.30 on Saturday 17th September in time for everyone to settle in for a light bacon and egg roll breakfast before the match between South Africa and New Zealand at 09.35. This is an annual event at the G Spot and is usually held on the Saturday that South Africa plays their first game against New Zealand (on NZ’s turf) during the Four Nations Rugby Tournament.

Breakfast: Bacon and egg rolls will be on sale at only R25 each and lunch will be the annual complimentary lamb on the spit with rolls, courtesy of ARB and the G Spot.

Bucket Specials: (6 beers per bucket)

Hansa, Black Label and Castle – R70

Castle Light – R80

Drinks Specials:

Double Klipdrift and coke – R25

Three Ships – R12

Bonus: Jägermeister Promotion Girls will arrive at 10am

There will also be hampers and prizes to give away as well as a rugby score sheet @ R20 per score prediction.

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Arnfred Nursery

The Earth is home to more than 298000 species of plants. The diverse group balance nature and life on Earth. Some plants produce beautiful pleasant smelling flowers, some produce nutrient-rich fruits, some have medicinal properties and some have the totally strange appearance. Followings are 10 strangest plants around the world.


 10 – White Baneberry

Actaea pachypoda or baneberry is a small ball type plant native to North American forests. It is also called as doll’s eye because of its special shaped fruits.

This plant stands 60 cm tall and only has very few leaves. Its red thick stems also look very attractive.

The fruits of white baneberry are toxic

The flowers of white baneberry are very small,    only have the size of 6mm



9 – Baseball Plant

It is generally known as euphorbia obesa native to South Africa.

The plant has exactly the same shape of a baseball.

It is an unbranched plant with an average height of 20 cm.

The special species of baseball plant is protected by national nature

conservation as it is very rare in the world.

  • Male and female flowers of euphorbia obesa grow on different plants.
  • Baseball plants are quite toxic, makes severe skin problems.



8 – Hydnellum Peckii

Hydnellum peckii is a special type of fungi that produce blood or juice like fluid on its surface. This plant is also known as ‘bleeding tooth fungus’. It is a Scarlet pigment that causes the blood like colour in the fluid of this plant. This strange plant is mainly found across North America and Europe. It is edible, but the blood like fluid is extremely bitter in taste.

  • Hydnellum peckii has an unpleasant odour
  • The colour of fluids on Hydnellum peckii can be varied as orange or pink



7 – Welwitschia Mirabilis

 Welwitschia Mirabilis is a unique plant that is only found in the desert of Namibia. The estimated lifespan of this strange looking plant is between 500 and 1500 years. It can survive within many extreme weather conditions. The most interesting thing about Welwitschia is the plant only has two leaves that grow continuously over time. This strange species also has separate male and female plants.



6 – Lithop

 Lithop can be described as living stones, a plant that looks exactly like stones or pebbles. In fact, its unique shape causes by the merging of two separate leaves at the outer edges of the plant. The leaves of the lithop plant grow in the rainy season. This extremely strange plant species is mainly found in South Africa.

  • The thick pebble like leaves is the main visible part of lithops
  • Unlike other plants the leaves of lithop are brown or gray
  • Lithops can be found in various colours like white, gray, pink and purple
  • Lithops will live for more than 50 years


5 – Mimosa Pudica

 Mimosa pudica also known as ‘sensitive plant’ or ‘shy plant’ is native to South America. But mimosa pudica can be seen all around the world especially in shady areas.

The most attractive feature of mimosa pudica is nothing but its response to touch. Its leaves immediately fold up on touch. The primitive nervous system within this plant which balance flow of water from beneath of leaves which cause this sensitive nature.






4 – Corpse Flower

 The corpse flower is generally known as ‘titan arum’. It is the largest branched main stem concern flowering plant in the world. The corpse flower is endemic to Sumatra. During flowering, the plant stands at 8.2 feet tall. The plant also produces the smell of decomposing animals.

  • Corpse plant blooms once every 40 years
  • It is the smelliest and largest flower in the world
  • Corpse flowers are protected by law as it is very rare







3 – Rafflesia Arnoldii

Rafflesia arnoldii is the biggest individual flower in the world. In fact, it is smaller than the corpse flower by considering some elements. It is mainly found in forests of Sumatra. Rafflesia will grow up to a size of three feet. Like the corpse flower, the plant produces an unpleasant irritating smell. Rafflesia arnoldii is unisexual, have both male and female reproductive systems.







2 – Venus Flytrap

Venus flytrap also known as dionaea muscipula is a carnivorous plant. It means the plant consumes small insects and animals as food. Venus flytraps can be found in the Eastern Carolia especially in wet habitats. Venus flytraps have special lobes to trap the prey animals.

  • The venus flytrap closes its lobes immediately when the insects come in contact with the plant.
  • This plant will digest the insects within a time span of 10 days.







1 – Pitcher Plant

The pitcher plant is another type of carnivorous plant native to South East Asia. The plant has an attractive deep red colour. The attractive smell of pitcher plants helps it to easily catch the prey. The insects and small animals become main preys of pitcher plants. It is said there are some species of pitcher plants that can even consume mice.

  • The deep cavity is filled with a special fluid to help catch the prey.
  • The plant has the most mysterious leaf structure and features special digestive enzymes.

Happy gardening!!

The Arnfred Team

 Ambrose Williams


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 In Other News

 Birthdays July – Happy Birthday to the following people in July:

 7th – Anita Nicholls

17th – Terry Vaughan


To everyone taking in Momentums Wellness Day; just a

friendly reminder that it will be taking place on Friday 8 July

from 14h00 until 16h00.


Lemongrass, also called fever grass, is a perennial plant with thin, long leaves that is indigenous to many Asian countries. As the name implies, lemongrass smells like lemon, but it tastes milder and sweeter. This herb is used in various Asian cuisines as a flavouring agent due to its potent flavour.

Nutritionally, lemongrass is a good source of vitamins A and C, folate, folic acid, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, potassium, phosphorus, calcium and manganese. It also has minute traces of B vitamins.

pic 19 Along with its culinary uses, lemongrass is useful in alternative or complementary remedies for a wide range of ailments.

It has many beneficial medicinal properties including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antipyretic, antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, astringent, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, galactogogue, insecticidal, sedative, and anti-cancer properties. The leaves, stems and bulb of lemongrass are used in various treatments.

Fresh and dried lemongrass are readily available in the market. You can also get lemongrass essential oil and supplements.

Lemongrass tea is most often used in home remedies for various health issues. You can brew the tea by steeping one teaspoon of fresh or dried lemongrass in a cup of hot water for about 10 minutes. Strain, add any desired sweetener and your tea is ready. You can also buy ready-to-use tea bags.

Here are the top 10 health benefits of lemongrass:

1. Helps Digestion

Lemongrass promotes healthy digestion. It has antiseptic compounds that effectively kill bad bacteria and parasites in the digestive tract and repopulate the good bacteria in the colon.

This in turn helps treat digestive health problems like indigestion, constipation, heartburn, diarrhoea, bloating, flatulence, stomach spasms, vomiting and cramps. Plus, lemongrass has antimicrobial properties that help relieve gastroenteritis.

For a healthy digestive tract, drink lemongrass tea on a regular basis. Lemongrass tea, however, is not recommended for small children.

 2. Controls Cholesterol Levels

The anti-cholesterol and anti-atherosclerosis action of lemongrass helps reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the intestine. Plus, it helps in the oxidation of LDL-cholesterol in the blood, which in turn helps prevent atherosclerotic plaque build-up.

A University of Wisconsin study in 1989 found that people with high cholesterol who took 140-milligram capsules of lemongrass oil daily noticed reduction in cholesterol levels. They also experienced a significant decrease in blood fats.

The high potassium content in lemongrass also helps lower and regulate blood pressure.

Simply drink a cup of lemongrass tea every day to help lower your cholesterol level and reduce blood pressure. You can also take this herb in supplement form after consulting your doctor.

 3. Cleanses and Detoxifies

Regular consumption of lemongrass tea helps cleanse and detoxify the body. The diuretic nature of lemongrass helps remove toxins, uric acid and bad cholesterol from the body by increasing the frequency and quantity of urination. Urination also helps clean out the kidneys.

Plus, the cleansing properties of this herbal tea help purify the liver, kidneys, bladder and pancreas. It also plays a key role in increasing blood circulation, which is important for overall health.

Drink lemongrass tea on a regular basis to help your body get rid of harmful elements.

 4. Heals Colds and Flu

Lemongrass has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help your body cope with coughs, fever and other cold and flu symptoms. Plus, it is loaded with vitamin C that boosts your immune system to fight the infection.
You can use lemongrass oil to relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as headaches resulting from a cold or the flu.

Plus, lemongrass can be effective in breaking down mucus and phlegm build-up, which can alleviate problems with breathing. This is mainly beneficial when suffering from bronchitis or asthma.

You can make the following medicinal drink with lemongrass.

  1. Boil a few fresh strands of lemongrass, two or three cloves, a small piece of cinnamon stick, one teaspoon of turmeric powder in one cup of milk.
  2. Strain and drink it when it cools down.
  3. Drink this once a day for a few days.

 5. Fights Cancer

Research at Ben Gurion University in Israel has shown that lemongrass tea can help fight cancer. A component called citral found in lemongrass causes apoptosis in cancer cells without damaging healthy cells. Simply put, it causes the cancer cells to commit suicide.

In fact, to help the healing process, cancer patients in Israel are encouraged to take fresh lemongrass tea while undergoing radiation or chemotherapy treatments.

Another study published in 2009 in the journal Fundamentals of Clinical Pharmacology found that citral in lemongrass slows the growth of breast cancer cells in the laboratory.

Plus, there are several antioxidant properties in lemongrass that help lower your risk of cancer by fighting free radicals.

 6. Reduces Arthritis Pain

Due to its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, lemongrass helps treat arthritis, rheumatism, osteoarthritis, gout and other types of joint pain. Its anti-inflammatory properties help suppress the activity of cyclooxygenase-2, an enzyme involved in inflammation that causes pain, especially in joints.

Plus, lemongrass helps to alleviate muscle spasms or sprains by relaxing the muscles, which in turn reduces the pain-related symptoms.

  • You can mix lemongrass oil with coconut oil in a 1:2 ratio and rub it over the affected area. Leave it on for a few hours before rinsing it off. Do this daily for a few weeks.
  • You can also drink lemongrass tea twice daily for best results.

pic 20  7. Benefits New Mothers

Lemongrass is highly beneficial for new mothers who are breastfeeding their babies. It has galactogogue       properties that help increase breast milk production. Its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties also help the babies remain healthy and free from infections.

Lactating mothers can drink one to two cups of lemongrass tea daily.

Note: Lemongrass should be avoided during pregnancy.

8. Fights Depression

The antidepressant properties of lemongrass help treat depression. The herb also activates the release of serotonin, a chemical in the brain that combats depression. Lemongrass relieves anxiety, boosts self-esteem, uplifts spirits, gives confidence and improves mental strength.

Lemongrass also contains citronella, which is well known for its calming effect on the mind and body. It also helps you to sleep better.

Drink a cup of lemongrass tea, whenever you feel depressed or have a low mood. The tea will help you keep calm and cool.

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9. Reduces Body Odour

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Lemongrass oil in a diluted form works as an effective deodorant. In fact, beauty experts find lemongrass oil more effective than many of the synthetic deodorants available in the market.

The main chemical component found in lemongrass is citral, which is aromatic. Plus, it has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties that help control excessive sweating and destroy or inhibit microorganisms that cause body odour. In addition, lemongrass will not cause skin irritation or exacerbate skin allergies.

10. Keeps Skin Healthy

pic 23Lemongrass is also beneficial for your skin. It can help alleviate various skin issues, from large pores to fungal infections.

Due to its antibacterial, antiseptic and antifungal properties, lemongrass helps limit bacterial or microbial growth on the skin. This in turn helps keep your skin free of infections as well as lessen issues caused by bacterial or fungal infections.

Plus, its acts as an astringent, helps minimize pores, limits the secretions of oil and makes the skin firm.

Dilute lemongrass oil with water or another base, such as olive oil, before use.

  1. Mix one-half cup of freshly sliced lemongrass in one cup of olive oil and heat it for five minutes.
  2. Remove from heat and allow it to cool before applying on skin.
  3. To sum up, to enjoy these health benefits of lemongrass, drink one to two cups of lemongrass tea daily. However, do not consume it if you are pregnant or taking any medications.

  The next edition of our news will be published on Friday 29th July 2016