Charmayne Meyer – Safety Officer
Tips on safety for children
Home injuries are the leading source of accidental death for children. How can you keep your home safe?
Home — it’s where children grow and learn, the place where they find comfort, love and care. It’s where they can see, touch, explore and experience the world around them, so their minds and bodies develop properly. It’s also a place where children need to feel safe. However, home injuries are a leading source of accidental death for children. Almost 21 million medical visits and 20,000 deaths each year are the result of accidents in the home. Media reports bring attention to the possible accidents that can occur, such as being bitten by a trusted pet, choking on balloons or wandering out the front door.
Fortunately, home injuries are largely avoidable through education and prevention. Parents can take proactive steps to childproof the home and keep their children safe by teaching them a few practical rules.
Never Leave Children Alone Near Water
Never leave a child unattended near water, even for a few seconds. Splashing around in the water at bath time or playtime is great fun for children, yet water presents many possible hazards. Drowning can occur in less than an inch of water, making bathtubs, sinks, pools and even pails a source of great danger. For safety, it’s essential to prevent situations that may lead to accidents. Never leave a child unattended near water, even for just a few seconds. If the phone or doorbell rings while your baby or young child is in the bathtub, pick him up, wrap him in a towel and take him with you. Do not leave him alone: It takes only a few seconds for drowning to occur. If you leave your baby with a caregiver, make sure he or she knows your safety rules.
Backyard pools, hot tubs, wading pools, even small koi or fishponds, can become dangerous in an instant. Make sure you have a fence around the pool or pond to keep young children from venturing where they shouldn’t, and consider an alarm system on doors leading out to the pool area. Hot tubs should be covered when they are not in use. Wading pools or splash pools should always be emptied when playtime is over.
Scalding burns from hot water are also a potential concern. To be safe, lower your hot water heater settings to 49 degrees C to avoid scalding by water that comes out of the bathtub or sink faucets. Test bath water temperature with your hand or elbow to make sure it is at a comfortable temperature before lowering your child into the tub.
Keep Sleeping Areas as Bare as Possible, Especially for Babies
Keep your baby’s crib as bare as possible.
Suffocation is a leading cause of unintentional injury-related death, and 60 percent of these cases occur in a baby’s sleeping environment. An infant’s nose and mouth can be covered accidently by soft fluffy pillows, comforters or stuffed animals, restricting his or her ability to breathe. Keep your baby’s crib as bare as possible. Use one light blanket and tuck the bottom underneath the end of the mattress to create a pocket. The blanket should only reach to the center of your baby’s chest so that it can’t be pulled over his head. As the weather get cooler, dress your baby in warmer pajamas instead of adding blankets, or consider using sleep sacks.
As children get older, talk to them about the dangers of suffocation and be diligent in providing safe areas for play. Watch out for potential hazards and find ways to make them safer, such as:
- Remove lids or locks from furniture or trunks to prevent a child from climbing inside and finding it cannot be opened from the inside
- Remove doors from old refrigerators or freezers
- Keep plastic sacks, such as grocery bags or dry cleaning wraps, out of reach
- Lock the car trunk and keep car keys hidden
Cover Electrical Outlets and Protect Children from Electrical Wires
Outlet cover? Check. But there’s a bigger problem with this picture. Electrical shock causes deaths and injuries each year. An electrical shock occurs whenever a child touches an electrically charged object, while touching another surface that can conduct the electricity to the ground. Proper grounding, electrical safety devices and avoiding hazardous situations can help prevent electrical shock in children.
Childproof your home from electric shock with these safety tips:
- Cover unused electrical sockets with plastic covers
- Repair or discard any damaged appliances or electric cords
- Keep young children away from electrical appliances
- Teach kids to respect electricity as early as possible
- Do not use a hair dryer or radio near water
Electricity is also a common cause of household fires. If you notice unusual odors, flickering lights or unusual power surges, have an electrician inspect your house and make sure the wiring system is safe.
Keep Small Items and Food Out of Reach
Many injuries occur when children are unable to breathe because food or other objects block their internal airways and cause choking. Most choking injuries occur with food items, so cut your child’s meals and snacks into bite-sized pieces. Children are at risk from choking on small candies, nuts, hotdogs, grapes, carrots and popcorn, so keep these foods out of their reach.
Make sure small household items, such as coins, buttons, jewelry, small balls and pins, are stored away from a child’s reach to avoid accidental choking. Don’t select toys with many small parts. Look for labeling on toys with small parts that warn they are not safe for children under 3 years old.
Beware of the hidden dangers that lurk inside handbags and briefcases. Children are naturally curious about what’s in Grandma’s purse, but loose coins, gum, small candies, medicine, cosmetics, cigarettes, matches or other items commonly stashed in a purse can be deadly to a small child. So when Grandma (or another relative or friend) comes to visit, make sure her belongings are kept safely out of reach (and yours are, too).
TO ALL PARENTS OUT THERE. PLEASE TAKE CARE OF THE LITTLE ONES THEY ARE SO PRECIOUS.
Signage and Maintenance
Roxy Roux – Maintenance Manager
As you all know, I have taken over the Maintenance Department and with a smooth handover from Hugh have adapted to the hectic customer demands most comfortably.
We have again been inundated with call out and breakdown maintenance. Mostly generator repairs all over the greater KwaZulu-Natal. Most of the breakdowns were cable failures that our workforce handled superbly. All the preventive maintenance have been adhered to for the month.
Our Koos and his partner (Isuzu Cato 20) have been spending a lot of time on the road assisting the various projects to uplifting and conveying spares and equipment, assisting the project managers to lighten their burdens and concentrate on business at hand.
In the stores we would like to welcome Arthur as our new Stores Co-Ordinator. He has already taken the bull by the horns and between him and Helena are assisting to get the new stores functionality in place.
Various site visits have been attended and our sales and marketing have ensured that the maintenance staff are kept busy throughout the month.
We are looking forward to the month of June where we might face new challenges and be proactive in solving them.
Thank you for a great month and remember, only you can make the difference.
The G-Spot – Pub & Diner
Another end to an awesome month that has brought many new faces as well as our great regulars. The support has been outstanding. It is a great pleasure to see and meet new people that love coming to support the G-Spot pub & restaurant.
Friday specials for June:
- 5 th – Eisbein & Mash
- 12 th – Piet’s chunky soup & bread
- 19th- T-bone (300g) chips & salad
- 26 th – Chicken strips, chips & salad
Don’t miss out!!!
We are glad to welcome spider Murch back. He will be doing karaoke every last Friday of the month.
Don’t miss out on our ARB Rugby day on the 25 th July 2015. There are Great hampers & prizes to give away, as well as booze specials. Come along and support us & have a blast.
A big thank you to Sherry, Freddy & Patience for the great service to the customers.
Dates to Remember in June
4th – Hug your cat day
5th – World environment day
16th – Youth Day
21st – Father’s day
An initiative by Cato Ridge Electrical Construction in conjunction with Voltex MV / LV to assist the children in the Edendale Township by providing quality education in centres of excellence.
Once again a brief report of the assistance that Cato Ridge Electrical Construction (CREC) in conjunction with Voltex MV / LV is providing for the community in Edendale:
To date we run 16 crèches and 480 children are fed a balanced meal every day which ensures that they remain healthy and their concentration levels are high.
It is a known fact in the community that the GEMS children are much smarter than their peers when they attend main stream schooling because they receive quality education since they are taught the Montessori Method in class.
The Directors of both CREC and Voltex MV / LV would like to encourage staff to assist over weekends etc. when free to interact with the “Teachers and the Little GEMS”
The photo below shows some of the Little GEMS in class:
Watch this space there is much more to follow over the next few months.
Word of the Month
“You have given him his heart’s desire and have not withheld the request of his lips…. For You send blessings of good things to meet him.”
- God is a good God
- Just think how the Lord undertook for Joseph, David and Abraham.
- He hears the requests that come from your lips.
- He will not abandon you, but rather He will give you a hope and a future.
PRAYER: Lord, You know the very requests that are on my lips even if they are unspoken. I pray that I will see Your goodness here in the land of the living.
The papaya, a previously exotic and rare fruit, is now readily available at most times of the year. Papayas grow in tropical climates and are also known as papaws or pawpaws. Their sweet taste, vibrant colour and wide variety of health benefits are just a few reasons to add them to your diet.
Nutritional breakdown of papaya
One medium papaya has approximately 120 calories, 30 grams of carbohydrate (including 5 grams of fibre and 18 grams of sugar) and 2 grams of protein.
Papayas are an excellent source of vitamin C and one single medium fruit provides 224% of your daily needs. Papayas are a good source of folate, vitamin A, magnesium, copper, pantothenic acid and fibre. They also have B vitamins, alpha and beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin E, calcium, potassium, vitamin K and lycopene, the powerful antioxidant most commonly associated with tomatoes.
Possible health benefits of consuming papaya
Consuming fruits and vegetables of all kinds has long been associated with a reduced risk of many lifestyle- related health conditions. Many studies have suggested that increasing consumption of plant foods like papayas decreases the risk of obesity and overall mortality, diabetes, heart disease and promotes a healthy complexion and hair, increased energy, overall lower weight.
Premature Aging: Many alternative medical practitioners believe that one of the benefits of papaya is to control premature aging. Papaya helps the body to properly digest food and when the body digests all the nutrients it needs, the body will remain vital for a long time.
Age-related macular degeneration: The antioxidant zeaxanthin, found in papaya, filters out harmful blue light rays and is thought to play a protective role in eye health and possibly ward off damage from macular degeneration. A higher intake of all fruits (3 or more servings per day) has also been shown to decrease risk of, and progression of, age-related macular degeneration.
Asthma prevention: The risks for developing asthma are lower in people who consume a high amount of certain nutrients. One of these nutrients is beta-carotene, contained in foods like papaya, apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, pumpkin and carrots.
Bone health: Low intakes of vitamin K have been associated with a higher risk for bone fracture. Adequate vitamin K consumption is important for good health, as it acts as a modifier of bone matrix proteins, improves calcium absorption and may reduce urinary excretion of calcium.
Diabetes: Studies have shown that type 1 diabetics who consume high-fibre diets have lower blood glucose levels and type 2 diabetics may have improved blood sugar, lipids and insulin levels. One medium papaya provides about 4.7 grams of fibre. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends 21-25 g/day for women and 30-38 g/day for men.
Digestion: Papayas contain an enzyme called papain that aids in digestion and can also be used as a meat tenderizer. Papain is also used in as digestive enzymes to treat individuals with cystic fibrosis or pancreatic conditions; producing for them what the body cannot produce naturally. Eating papaya is also a benefit because papain taken orally treats less serious digestion disorders such as bloating and chronic indigestion. In these cases papain is extracted, dried and sold as tablets. Papaya is also high in fibre and water content, both of which help to prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract.
Cleanser: Taking a quarter pint (150ml) of papaya juice, cucumber juice and green bean juice in alternating hours for 12 hours can be a benefit to your colon. These juices work as potent natural cleansers when combined. Papaya is also rich in fibre, which travels through the body and binds itself to cancer-causing toxins in the colon. The fibre in papaya flushes out the toxins in the colon and so one of the benefits of papaya is that it helps prevent colon cancer especially, due to its antioxidants and its fibre content.
Male Virility: Another great benefit of papaya is to boost male virility. Papaya contains an enzyme called arginine which is known in the medically community to boost blood flow around the man-hood. Arginine boosts nitric acid in the body to relax the muscles surrounding the blood vessels that supply the man- hood. These blood vessels then dilate and increase blood flow. A more concentrated form of arginine is used to treat erectile dysfunction.
Heart Attacks & Disease: The fibre, potassium and vitamin content in papaya all help to ward off heart disease. An increase in potassium intake along with a decrease in sodium intake is the most important dietary change that a person can make to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease. The antioxidants in papaya prevent cholesterol from oxidizing. When cholesterol becomes oxidized it forms plaque in the blood vessel walls that can eventually build up and cause a heart attack or stroke. Also, fibre is known to lower cholesterol. The fibre in papaya converts a substance called homocysteine into harmless amino acids that the body can process, but without the breakdown, homocysteine can eventually damage blood vessel walls, causing strokes or heart attacks.
Inflammation: The choline is a very important and versatile nutrient in papayas that aids our bodies in sleep, muscle movement, learning and memory. Choline also helps to maintain the structure of cellular membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat and reduces chronic inflammation.
Skin and healing: When used topically, mashed papaya appears to be beneficial for promoting wound healing and preventing infection of burned areas. Researchers believe that the proteolytic enzymes chymopapain and papain in papaya are responsible for its beneficial effects. Ointments containing the papain enzyme have also been used to treat decubitus ulcers or bedsores.
Papaya is also great for your hair because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient required for sebum production that keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also necessary for the growth of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair.
Adequate intake of vitamin C, which papaya can provide, is needed for the building and maintenance of collagen, which provides structure to skin and hair.
How to incorporate more papaya into your diet
You can incorporate more papaya into your diet by making a tropical fruit salad or adding a few slices to your favourite dish.
- Look for fresh papayas with reddish orange skin that are soft to the touch. One of the best ways to enjoy a papaya is as is. Just cut like a melon, scoop out the seeds and enjoy. The seeds of the papaya are actually edible, but have a bitter, peppery taste.
- Make a tropical fruit salad with fresh papaya, pineapple and mango.
- Muddle papaya into your glass of lemonade, iced tea or water for a burst of fresh fruity flavour.
- Make a fresh salsa with papaya, mango, jalapeno, red peppers and chipotle pepper. Use as a topper for your favourite fish tacos.
- Add a few slices of frozen papaya to your smoothies. Combine with pineapple juice, half a frozen banana and Greek yogurt for a sweet tropical treat.
Potential health risks of consuming papaya
If you have a latex allergy, you may also be allergic to papaya because papayas have chitanases, often causing the cross-reaction between latex and the foods that contain them.
It is the total diet or overall eating pattern that is most important in disease prevention and achieving good health. It is better to consume a diet with variety than to concentrate on individual foods as the key to good health.
On the hunt for a few nice pictures for the newsletter I came across the American Pawpaw (also known as Asimina Triloba) and was quite surprised at the big difference between theirs and what we in South Africa commonly refer to as a Pawpaw (or Papaya).
Taylea officially had her Graduation on 27 May 2015. She is the first out of all the Petersen girls to get a degree. As your father you have made me very proud and I am sure you will continue succeeding at everything you put your mind to.
Courtesy of the little fairy in signage we have some funnies to share with everyone this month.
One sunny morning before everyone had crawled into the office for another grilling day of work Taylea was occupying herself in reception when in walked Peter from the great outdoors. Seeing as the passage door is ALWAYS open he wasn’t prepared for the sad fact that it was closed this time and walked straight into the door. After fighting with the finger scanner for what seemed like ages he finally got to slink back to the comfort of his office to plot revenge on the door and its minion.
About a week later Michael Jordaan emails Taylea some work related items and promptly asked her the next time he saw her if she had received the email. Taylea, being herself, said she would have to check. Upon getting to her office she replies to the same email he sent her saying no she hasn’t received the email.. A while later she gets a reply saying “ok, I’ll resend it.” Clearly someone was still asleep…
The best so far was Taylea herself. She gets to work last Friday dressed all nicely with her high heel boots and her formal jacket, only to remove the jacket later in the morning and realise that her shirt is on inside out. Needless to say you could only hear laughter throughout the office.